Repositories

Using the PyPI repository

By default, Poetry is configured to use the PyPI repository, for package installation and publishing.

So, when you add dependencies to your project, Poetry will assume they are available on PyPI.

This represents most cases and will likely be enough for most users.

Using a private repository

However, at times, you may need to keep your package private while still being able to share it with your teammates. In this case, you will need to use a private repository.

Adding a repository

Adding a new repository is easy with the config command.

poetry config repositories.foo https://foo.bar/simple/

This will set the url for repository foo to https://foo.bar/simple/.

Configuring credentials

If you want to store your credentials for a specific repository, you can do so easily:

poetry config http-basic.foo username password

If you do not specify the password you will be prompted to write it.

Note

To publish to PyPI, you can set your credentials for the repository named pypi.

Note that it is recommended to use API tokens when uploading packages to PyPI. Once you have created a new token, you can tell Poetry to use it:

poetry config pypi-token.pypi my-token

If you still want to use you username and password, you can do so with the following call to config.

poetry config http-basic.pypi username password

You can also specify the username and password when using the publish command with the --username and --password options.

If a system keyring is available and supported, the password is stored to and retrieved from the keyring. In the above example, the credential will be stored using the name poetry-repository-pypi. If access to keyring fails or is unsupported, this will fall back to writing the password to the auth.toml file along with the username.

Keyring support is enabled using the keyring library. For more information on supported backends refer to the library documentation.

Alternatively, you can use environment variables to provide the credentials:

export POETRY_PYPI_TOKEN_PYPI=my-token
export POETRY_HTTP_BASIC_PYPI_USERNAME=username
export POETRY_HTTP_BASIC_PYPI_PASSWORD=password

See Using environment variables for more information on how to configure Poetry with environment variables.

Custom certificate authority and mutual TLS authentication

Poetry supports repositories that are secured by a custom certificate authority as well as those that require certificate-based client authentication. The following will configure the "foo" repository to validate the repository's certificate using a custom certificate authority and use a client certificate (note that these config variables do not both need to be set):

    poetry config certificates.foo.cert /path/to/ca.pem
    poetry config certificates.foo.client-cert /path/to/client.pem

Install dependencies from a private repository

Now that you can publish to your private repository, you need to be able to install dependencies from it.

For that, you have to edit your pyproject.toml file, like so

[[tool.poetry.source]]
name = "foo"
url = "https://foo.bar/simple/"

From now on, Poetry will also look for packages in your private repository.

Note

Any custom repository will have precedence over PyPI.

If you still want PyPI to be your primary source for your packages you can declare custom repositories as secondary.

[[tool.poetry.source]]
name = "foo"
url = "https://foo.bar/simple/"
secondary = true

If your private repository requires HTTP Basic Auth be sure to add the username and password to your http-basic configuration using the example above (be sure to use the same name that is in the tool.poetry.source section). If your repository requires either a custom certificate authority or client certificates, similarly refer to the example above to configure the certificates section. Poetry will use these values to authenticate to your private repository when downloading or looking for packages.

Disabling the PyPI repository

If you want your packages to be exclusively looked up from a private repository, you can set it as the default one by using the default keyword

[[tool.poetry.source]]
name = "foo"
url = "https://foo.bar/simple/"
default = true

A default source will also be the fallback source if you add other sources.