Introduction #

Poetry is a tool for dependency management and packaging in Python. It allows you to declare the libraries your project depends on and it will manage (install/update) them for you.

System requirements #

Poetry requires Python 2.7 or 3.5+. It is multi-platform and the goal is to make it work equally well on Windows, Linux and OSX.

Python 2.7 and 3.5 will no longer be supported in the next feature release (1.2). You should consider updating your Python version to a supported one.

Installation #

Poetry provides a custom installer that will install poetry isolated from the rest of your system.

osx / linux / bashonwindows install instructions #

curl -sSL | python -

windows powershell install instructions #

(Invoke-WebRequest -Uri -UseBasicParsing).Content | python -
The previous installer is now deprecated, if you are currently using it you should migrate to the new, supported, installer.

The installer installs the poetry tool to Poetry’s bin directory. This location depends on your system:

  • $HOME/.local/bin for Unix
  • %APPDATA%\Python\Scripts on Windows

If this directory is not on your PATH, you will need to add it manually if you want to invoke Poetry with simply poetry.

Alternatively, you can use the full path to poetry to use it.

Once Poetry is installed you can execute the following:

poetry --version

If you see something like Poetry (version 1.2.0) then you are ready to use Poetry. If you decide Poetry isn’t your thing, you can completely remove it from your system by running the installer again with the --uninstall option or by setting the POETRY_UNINSTALL environment variable before executing the installer.

python --uninstall

By default, Poetry is installed into the user’s platform-specific home directory. If you wish to change this, you may define the POETRY_HOME environment variable:

POETRY_HOME=/etc/poetry python

If you want to install prerelease versions, you can do so by passing --preview option to or by using the POETRY_PREVIEW environment variable:

python --preview

Similarly, if you want to install a specific version, you can use --version option or the POETRY_VERSION environment variable:

python --version 1.2.0
POETRY_VERSION=1.2.0 python

You can also install Poetry for a git repository by using the --git option:

python --git
Note that the installer does not support Python < 3.6.

Alternative installation methods #

Installing with pipx #

Using pipx to install Poetry is also possible. pipx is used to install Python CLI applications globally while still isolating them in virtual environments. This allows for clean upgrades and uninstalls.

pipx install poetry
pipx upgrade poetry
pipx uninstall poetry

Installing with pip #

Using pip to install Poetry is possible.

pip install --user poetry
Be aware that it will also install Poetry’s dependencies which might cause conflicts with other packages.

Updating poetry #

Updating Poetry to the latest stable version is as simple as calling the self update command.

poetry self update
Poetry versions installed using the now deprecated installer will not be able to use this command to update to 1.2 releases or later. Migrate to using the installer or pipx.

If you want to install pre-release versions, you can use the --preview option.

poetry self update --preview

And finally, if you want to install a specific version, you can pass it as an argument to self update.

poetry self update 1.2.0

Enable tab completion for Bash, Fish, or Zsh #

poetry supports generating completion scripts for Bash, Fish, and Zsh. See poetry help completions for full details, but the gist is as simple as using one of the following:

# Bash
poetry completions bash > /etc/bash_completion.d/poetry.bash-completion

# Bash (Homebrew)
poetry completions bash > $(brew --prefix)/etc/bash_completion.d/poetry.bash-completion

# Fish
poetry completions fish > ~/.config/fish/completions/

# Fish (Homebrew)
poetry completions fish > (brew --prefix)/share/fish/vendor_completions.d/

# Zsh
poetry completions zsh > ~/.zfunc/_poetry

# Oh-My-Zsh
mkdir $ZSH_CUSTOM/plugins/poetry
poetry completions zsh > $ZSH_CUSTOM/plugins/poetry/_poetry

# prezto
poetry completions zsh > ~/.zprezto/modules/completion/external/src/_poetry

You may need to restart your shell in order for the changes to take effect.

For zsh, you must then add the following line in your ~/.zshrc before compinit:


For oh-my-zsh, you must then enable poetry in your ~/.zshrc plugins